Based in The Hague, the International Criminal Court tries individuals for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide committed from 2002 onwards. Victims can participate in proceedings and receive reparations. Learn more about the Court’s work in 2015.
Two suspects were transferred to ICC custody in 2015: Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) commander Dominic Ongwen and Tuareg rebel Ahmad al Faqi al Mahdi.
ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda announced 60 extra counts to the charge sheet against LRA commander Dominic Ongwen, for a total of 67.
Thirteen fugitives remain publicly wanted by the ICC. They include Sudan President Omar Al-Bashir, LRA leader Joseph Kony, former Côte d’Ivoire first lady Simone Gbagbo, Saif Gaddafi and three Kenyans suspected of witness tampering.
There are now 123 states parties to the Rome Statute following Palestine’s accession in April 2015.
Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui spent three years in asylum detention in the Netherlands following his acquittal at the ICC as no government has agreed to take in acquitted ICC suspects. The Congolese militia leader was deported in May 2015 after Dutch authorities said they had serious reasons to believe he had committed grave crimes which disqualified him from refugee protection.
Two states not party to the Rome Statute made article 12.3. declarations—a special mechanism to accept ICC jurisdiction. Ukraine made its second declaration in as many years, extending ICC jurisdiction back to November 2013. Palestine’s declaration gives the Court jurisdiction back to June 2014.
The Kampala Amendment on the Crime of Aggression has now been ratified by 24 states. 30 states must ratify before the amendment can enter into force, subject to approval by a two-thirds majority of the Assembly of States Parties in 2017.
2149 victims have been granted the right to participate in the trial against Congolese militia leader Bosco Ntaganda.
This article was originally published in the 2015-16 Global Justice Monitor, the annual international justice review of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court, a civil society network in 150 countries.
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